Active Shooter Incident Survival Tips

"Chaos, panic and fear can only be minimized - never eliminated - when it is preceded by preparation and planning"

Trying to Survive An Active Shooter Incident:

The best option is to evacuate the premises. If there is an accessible escape path, be sure to:

  • Have an escape route and plan in mind
  • Help others escape, but evacuate whether others agree to follow you or not
  • Know you are NOT headed toward the shooter

As a last resort, and only when your life is in imminent danger, act as a group and attempt to disrupt or incapacitate the adversary by:

  • Throwing anything and everything at the shooter!
  • Using improvised weapons
  • Yelling
  • Acting with extreme violence & committing to your actions
  • Change the attacker’s mindset (Make them defend)
  • Do NOT give up/Do Not Stop!!!
  • Continue fighting despite your fear or injuries
  • Do whatever you need to do to terminate the threat to your life
  • 13.1% of Active Shooter incidents ended after unarmed citizens restrained the shooter (21 cases of 160).
Active Shooter Incident Survival Tips

Federal Bureau of Investigation – Active Shooter Study:

Key Points:

  • 69% of all A.S. incidents ended in 5 minutes or less
  • Half of those ended in 2 minutes or less.
  • Most Active Shooter incidents (60%) end before law enforcement even arrives on the scene. 40% did not.
  • 90 of the 160 incidents (56.3%) ended on the shooter’s initiative
  • Police gunfire ended the attack in only 13.1% incidents studied and…
  • 13.1% of Active Shooter incidents ended after unarmed citizens restrained the shooter (21 cases of 160).
  • The FBI study revealed virtually all Active Shooter incidents in closed commercial settings were perpetrated by individual(s) with a connection to the location
  • Commercial Locations Closed to Pedestrian Traffic (Office Buildings)
  • 23 incidents studied
  • 22 perpetrated by a current or former employee
  • 1 perpetrated by the spouse of a current employee

Responding to Law Enforcement:

You must also know how to respond when Law Enforcement actually does arrive. Remember that Law Enforcement’s purpose is to STOP the active shooter as soon as possible. Officers will proceed directly to the area in which the last shots were heard/reported.

Here are some things to be on the look for when Law Enforcement arrives:

  • Officers usually arrive in teams of four (4).
  • Officers may be wearing regular patrol uniforms or external bulletproof vests, Kevlar helmets, and other tactical equipment.
  • Officers may be armed with rifles, shotguns, and handguns.
  • Officers may use pepper spray or tear gas to control the situation.
  • Officers may shout commands and may push individuals to the ground for their safety.

How should one react when law enforcement arrives:

  • Remain calm and follow the officers’ instructions. Do not argue with an Officers commands!
  • Put down any items in your hands (i.e., bags, jackets, purses, cell phones).
  • Immediately raise your hands and spread your fingers.
  • Keep your hands visible at ALL TIMES.
  • Avoid making quick movements toward an officer such as attempting to hold on to them for safety. Avoid pointing, screaming, and/or yelling.